Dr. Muhammad Ajmal
Centre of Excellence

Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Faculty Profile
[Faculty ] [NIP Home]
Name Rubina Hanif
Designation Associate Professor - Tenured
Qualification Ph.D. (Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad), M.Phil (Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad), Post Doc (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK), Fulbright Scholar (University of Houston, USA).
Contact Phone: +92(51)90644019 Fax: +92 (51) 2896012 e-mail: drrubinahanif@nip.edu.pk
Postal Address National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University (New Campus) shahadra road (off main Murre road) Islamabad, (Pakistan) Post code 44000

Professional Interests

  • Educational Psychology
  • Psychometric Assessment
  • Occupational Health Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Positive Psychology

Teaching and Supervision

Ph.D. Level

Dissertation Title Name
Career beliefs, personality and career success: an investigation of direct and indirect effects Shaista Waqar
Role of Language Interaction in Children’s Theory of Mind among Preschoolers Sumbal Nawaz
Public Defense Awaited
Psychosocial determinants of marital quality among married couples Sadaf Muneer
Identity styles, Causality Orientations and Psychological Well-being: A cross-cultural comparison Sadaf Tariq
Work environment, Burnout, organizational commitment: and role of personal variables as moderators Aneela Maqsood
Identification of Slow learners in mainstream school: Assessment of their Developmental Skills and Academic Interventions Najma Iqbal Malik
Non-symbolic and symbolic numerical cognition: a cross-cultural comparison Saeeda Khanum
In Process
Adverse Life Events and adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems: cognitive factors and personality traits as moderators Tasnim Rehna
In Process
Antecedents and consequences of workplace bullying Aneeza Bashir
In Process
Role of Personality Temperaments and characters in Burnout: a mediation moderation model Ume-Laila
In Process
Psychological issues among chronically ill patients: exploration of risk and protective factors for well being and quality of life Shazia Yousaf
In Process
Personality traits and organizational culture as determinants of positive mental health: A longitudinal study Nadia Batool
In process
Early maladaptive schema modes and vulnerability to dysfunctional attitude among young adults Meh Para
In Process
  Ayesha Saeed
In Process
  Samar Fahd
In Process


M.Phil Level

Dissertation Title Name
  Hira Shafique
  Shagufta Farhan  
  Sadaf Zaheer
  Shafaq Zulfiqar
Perception and experiences of cyber bullying among university students: emotional intelligence as protective factor Saba Zarnaz
Dynamics of resilience and social support among adolescents with disabilities from segregated and integrated schools Misbah Shafique
Emotional and cognitive empathy as predictors of prosocial behavior among late adolescents: forgiveness as mediator Maria Ghazal
Teaching effectiveness and character strength of secondary school teachers: role of teachers’ sense of self-efficacy as mediator Sidra Shoaeeb
Impact of problems on psychological distress: self-resilience as predictor and social skills as moderator Nida Muneer
Schadenfreude among adolescents: role of social comparison, self esteem, episodic envoy and belief in just world Naila Batool
Academic underachievement in secondary school students: A multi-model Approach Sara Noman
Effects of television exposure on body image among female adolescents Naila Qazi
A comparative study of personality temperaments and character. Attribution styles and suicidal ideation among depressed and non depressed adults Sumiha Gulfraz
Role of internalization, emotion regulation and emotional state in relationship of parental conditional regard and parent adolescent s relationship quality Ayesha Saeed
Impact of meaning in life on stress and psychological well -being among university students Aisha Bano
Effects of parenting styles and parent/peer attachment on disruptive behavior problems of adolescents Farhat Sana 2010
Role of personality traits and need for cognition in persuasion process among adolescents Sidra Irfan 2010
Personal values and ethical ideology in ethical decision making of lawyers and law students Mehrin Kiani 2010
Relationship of Perspective Taking and Empathy among aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents Sumara Naz 2009
Emotional autonomy, Attachment and Self Efficacy among Adolescents Huma Zafar 2009
Prevalence, Forms and Antecedents of Workplace Bullying among Telecommunication Aneeza Bashir 2009
Role of Life Stress and Social Competence in University Adjustment among Students Sidra Mohsin 2009
Cognitive Errors and Anxiety among Depressed and Non Depressed Adolescents Tasnim Rehna 2009
Psychosocial stress, Type-1 personality and anxiety among Hepatitis C patients Shazia Yousaf 2009
Impact of organizational culture and Personality traits, on organizational identification Hina Qazi 2007
Impact of Parental marital conflicts on adolescents’ parental attachment and social competence Atifa Azam 2007


M.Sc Level

Dissertation Title Name
Impact of positive psychological capital on stress and coping mechanisms of university students Sadaf Bukhari
In Process
Impact of exposure to terrorism on psychological distress: exploring the role of coping strategies Ayesha Aftab
Impact of parental marital conflicts on aggression among adolescents: resilience as a protective factor Maria Mukhtar
Impact of extracurricular activities and peer influence on prosocial tendencies of students Samina Naz
Role of emotional intelligence in relationship of personality traits and volitional strategies among University students Bushra Jamil
Self-Disclosure and loneliness among University students: Mediating role or peer attachment. Dania Javed
Impact of relational hummer on perceived stress, happiness, and psychological well-being among married couples Asma Nisa
Relationship of self-esteem with temperaments and coping strategies early adolescents Saadiya Abbasi
Academic self-concept and emotional intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among adolescents Faiza Ali
Identification of common emotional behavioral problems and classroom management strategies used by secondary school teachers Amnah Ejaz
Social anxiety among children of broken and intact families Javeeria Raza
Development of an indigenous spiritual wellness inventory for Pakistani youth Mustaneer Gohar
Personality traits of working and non-working women Arjumand Taj
Mental health of the Adolescents from Divorced and intact families Beenish Wasay
Portrayal of women in Perveen Shaker ‘s poetry: A content Analysis Iram Shaheen
Leadership styles and work motivation in private and public organizations Iram Atta
Relationship of stress and coping strategies among university students Nadia Saleem


Journal Articles:

  1. Saeed, A., Hanif, R. (2014). Impact of Parental Conditional Regard on Relationship Quality : Emotion Regulation as moderator, Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 29(2),
  2. Nawaz, S., Hanif, R. & Lewis, C. (2014). Theory of mind’ development of Pakistani children: Do preschoolers acquire an understanding of desire, pretence and belief in a universal sequence? European Journal of Developmental Psychology, DOI: 10.1080/17405629.2014.973843
  3. Khanum, S. & Hanif, R. (2014). Numerical Acuity of American and Pakistani First Grade Children: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society, 11(2), 16-19.
  4. Laila, U. & Hanif, R. (2014). Job Demand and Resources about Human Services Professionals: an indigenous thematic perspective. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 4(7S), 411-421.
  5. Bashir, A, Hanif, R. & Nadeem M. (2014). Role of personal factors in perception of workplace bullying among telecommunication personnel. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 8 (3), 817-829.
  6. Khan, M.J., Hanif, R., & Tariq, N. (2014). Relationship of parental mental health with children’s behavioral problems: role of social support and resilience. Journal of Behavioral Science, 24(1),115-129.
  7. Atta, M., Hanif, R., Tariq, N., & Akhter, N. (2014). Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Negative Career Thoughts in Postgraduate Unemployed Adults, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology,40(2), 261-269
  8. Waqar, S. & Hanif, R. (2013). Development of Career Beliefs Scale: Establishing Construct and Criterian related validity for Pakistani Employees. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 8 (2), 130-141.
  9. Yousaf, S., Hanif, R. & Khalili, T. (2013). Psychosocial stress and type 1 personality traits among Hepititus C patients. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 7 (1), 73-79.
  10. Akram, M., Tariq, S. & Hanif, R. (2013). Self esteem as predictor of belief in just world among university students: the moderating role of personality factors. Journal of Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 39(2), 205-212
  11. Malik, N., Hanif, R., & Rehman, G. (2012). Effects of academic interventions on the developmental skills of slow learners. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 27(1), 135-151.
  12. Zahra, K., Tariq, S., & Hanif, R. (2012). Relationship of Personality Traits and Gender Role Attitudes: A Comparison of Traditional and non- Traditional Professionals. Journal of Education and Vocational Research 3(8), 271-279.
  13. Munir, S. B., & Hanif, R. (2012). Role of Marital Emotion Work in Marital Quality of Pakistani Married Couples. European Journal of Scientific Research, 93(4), 585-593.
  14. Maqsood, A., Hanif, R., Rehman, G., & Glenn, W. (Winter 2012). Validation of the Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment questionnaire. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 6 (2), 135-145
  15. Rehna, T., Hanif, R. & Tariq, S. (2012). Cognitive Errors and Anxiety: A comparison of Depressed and Non-Depressed Adolescents. European journal of social sciences,27(3),309-318
  16. Azam, A., & Hanif, R. (2011). Impact of Parent’s Marital Conflicts on Parental attachment and social competence of adolescents. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 8(2), 157-170. DOI: 10.1080/17405620903332039
  17. Akhter, N., Hanif, R., Tariq, N. & Atta, M. (2011). Parenting styles as predictors of externalizing and internalizing behavior problems among children. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 26(1),23-42
  18. Bashir, A., Hanif, R. (2011). Prevalence and forms of workplace bullying among telecommunication personnel in Pakistan, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 3(5), 634-647.
  19. Hanif, R., Nadeem, M., & Tariq, S. (2011). Personal and job related predictors of teacher stress and job performance among school teachers. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and social sciences,5(2),319-329
  20. Hanif, R. Nadeem, M., & Tariq, S. (2011). Bullying in Schools : attitudes of children, parents and teachers. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business.
  21. Nadeem, M. , Pervez, M., & Hanif, R. (2010). Analysis of Text Included on Natural Phenomena in Grade-1Textbook of Federal Board of Education in Pakistan. Journal of Educational Research, 13(1), 225-240.
  22. Hanif, R., & Pervez, S. (2004). Development and validation of teachers” job performance scale. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 19 (3-4).
  23. Hanif, R., & Pervez, S. (2003). Translation and adaptation of teacher stress inventory. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 18 (1-2).
  24. Pervez, S. & Hanif, R. (2003). Levels and sources of work stress among women school teachers” Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research,18 (3-4).


Books & Book Chapters:

  1. Hanif, R. & Milam, A. (2013). Workplace Incivility in Pakistani Organizations: An Indigenous Perspective. Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  2. Rehna, T., & Hanif, R. (2012). Cognitive Errors and Anxiety among Adolescents : A comparison of depressed and non-depressed. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
  3. Hanif, R. & Gohar, M. (2010) Development and Validation of Spiritual Wellness Inventory for Pakistani adolescents. In Akbar Hussain (Ed.) Exploration in Human Spirtuality. Global Vision Publishing House, New Delhi.
  4. Hanif, R., & Smith, P. (2010). Perceptions, Attitudes and Experiences concerning Bullying, and School Social Climate: A comparison of Pakistan and England. In Österman, Karin (Ed.) Indirect and Direct Aggression. Peter Lang Publishing.
  5. Hanif, R. (2010). Teacher Stress, Job Performance and Self- Efficacy among Women Teachers. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN 978-3-8383-3533-9


Papers Presented at International Conferences:

  1. Cognitive Errors and Emotional and Behavioral Problems among Adolescents: Direct and Indirect Effects of Personality. Presented at 9th International Conference on Adolescent Psychopathology (14-16 July, 2014) at Roehampton University, Whiteland Colleges, London.
  2. Bordeline intellectual functioning and below average developmental skills in schools of central punjab, pakistan: a developing country perspective. Paper presented at International School Psychology Association ( ISPA), annual conference, 2012 held at Montreal, Canada
  3. Presented at the 10th Full Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology (EA-OHP) conference, Zurich, Switzerland.
  4. Identity styles of adolescents : a cross cultural comparison. Ppaer presented at International Conference on adolscents and child psychopathology, july, 2012 at Rohampton University, London, UK
  5. Workplace Ostracism: Does the Target’s Personality Make any Difference? A Cross-Cultural comparison. Paper presented at 26th Annual SIOP conference (14-16 April, 2011) at Chicago, USA.
  6. A Global Look at Workplace Incivility: Does Personality Play a Role Throughout the World. Poster presented at 9th Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, Pontifical Urbaniana University, Rome, 29 - 31 March 2010
  7. Workplace Ostracism: Does Personality make any difference? An Exploration in Pakistani Organizations paper Presented at IWP Conference 2010: Work, Well-being and Performance being held Sheifield (UK), 29th June -1st July, 2010
  8. Self Efficacy as determinant of negative career thoughts. Paper presented at National Conference on Research In Psychology: Indigenous and Cultural Context held by NIP, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad with collaboration of HEC, 14th October, 2010.
  9. Effects of parenting styles and parent peer attachment in disruptive behavior problems of adolescents. Paper presented at National Conference on Research In Psychology: Indigenous and Cultural Context held by NIP, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad with collaboration of HEC, 14th October, 2010.
  10. Personal and Job related predictors of work stress in Pakistani School Teachers presented at International Conference, University of Malaya kaulalumpur (Malaysia), 12-14 March 2009.
  11. Teacher Stress, Job Performance and Self Efficacy among Women Teachers of Government and Private Schools of Pakistan. Paper pres presentation and publication at International Conference on cognitive, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences organized by World Academy of Science and Engineering Technology (WASET), 24-26 June, 2009, Paris (France).
  12. Implementation of Interventional Teaching Plan and Post-test of Battelle Developmental Inventory -2 for Developmental Skills Enhancement Assessment among Slow Learners.” Abstract published in the conference proceedings of International Conference on Developmental Psychopathology: Prevalence, Management & Prevention held on 13-15 October, 2009, National Institute Of Psychology, Islamabad and presented the research paper titled “ (HEC recognized and sponsored).
  13. Implementation of interventional teaching plan and developmental skills enhancement assessment among slow learners of primary schools in Punjab, Pakistan. Published in Abstracts booklet (ISBN: 978-84-613-2953-3) and Proceedings (ISBN: 978-84-613-2955-7) of International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation (ICERI 2009) that held in Madrid (Spain) on the 16th, 17th and 18th of November, 2009. (HEC Recognized)
  14. Perceptions of Bullying and school social climate in Pakistani and British Students Presented at International School Psychology Association (ISPA), 2008 held at Utrecht, NETHERLAND
  15. Role of Self Efficacy in teacher stress and job Performance (2006) at 28th colloquium of international School Psychology Association, Hangzhu, China.



  1. ‘Building self esteem among students’ a seminar delivered on 6th preservice training of Universities at Faculty Development Academy, Comsats. Held on 6th Februay, 2015
  2. Job Demand and Resources about Human Services Professionals: an indigenous thematic perspective paer presented at 2nd International Conference on Computational snd Social Sciences held on 26-28th August, 2014 at Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rise, Turkey.
  3. Organizer : Three days Workshop on ‘Structured Equation Modeling with Amos at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University February, 2014
  4. Seminars presented at various organizations i.e., Secritariat Training Institute, Islamabad, Comsats, NIP, PAF training wing etc.
  5. Organizer : Two days Workshop on ‘ Regression Analysis’ at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University January, 2011
  6. Organizer : Two days Workshop on ‘Mediation-Moderation Approach : an advanced approach in data analysis’ at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University April, 2011
  7. Organizer : Three days Workshop on ‘Structure Equation Modeling’ at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University April, 2011
  8. Organizer : Three days workshop on Standardisation of Test at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University (April, 2009)
  9. Organizer : four days workshop on ‘standarization of psychological tests’ at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University, April 2009
  10. Principal Organizer : International conference on Terrorism and Extremism : Psycho-social perspectives at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University (15-17 October, 2008)
  11. Organizer : Psychosocial Interventions for earthquak survivors (Level-II) at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University Feb, 23 – 25 2006
  12. Coordinator : two days workshop on ‘stress management’ at National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-Azam University July, 2003


Professional International Affiliations:

  1. Visiting Research Fellow at Deptt. of I-O Psychology, University of Houston (October, 2009- September, 2010)
  2. Visiting Research Fellow at Unit for school and Family Studies, Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London
    (February 2007- February 2008)
  3. Member American Psychological Association (APA)
  4. Member Society for Industrial/Organization Psychology (SIOP)
  5. Member International School Psychology Association (ISPA)
  6. Member Asian Association of Social Psychology (AASP)
  7. Member Pakistan Psychological Association (PPA)


Professional Awards/Fellowships :

Fulbright Advance Research Scholars’ Award (October, 2009- September, 2010)

Post-Doc Fellowship, Higher Education Commission Pakistan (February 2007 – March 2008)

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